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2020年黑龙江省专升本考试英语真题

更新时间:2020-01-07 13:40:56点击:

  一 词汇语法填空(10分)

  请将答题卡上相应的字母涂黑,做在本试题册上无效。

  1         I am looking forward __________ you as we have much to discuss.

  (A) to see     (B) to seeing      (C) and see      (D) and seeing

  2         They are nice boys and I’m sure you’ll get on ______ them very well.

  (A) by       (B) with          (C) towards      (D) besides

  3         Why are you always so jealous ________ other people?

  (A) about     (B) on           (C) to           (D) of

  4         The monitor said to Tom that two other students were on duty ____ him.

  (A) besides    (B) without      (C) except        (D) but

  5         He gave up his job _______ for his family and himself.

  (A) both      (B) all          (C) much         (D) little

  6 Because the first pair of shoes did not fit Lisa properly, the shop assistant showed her _________.

  (A) another pair    (B) the other ones   (C) others shoes      (D) another shoes

  7         She hardly ever eats ________ potatoes.

  (A) nor bread or     (B) bread or       (C) neither bread or   (D) neither bread nor

  8         Mary is used to wearing her hair long. The longer it is, _____________.

  (A) she like it better      (B) the more she likes

  (C) the better she likes it  (D) she likes it more

  9         The symbols of mathematics __________we are familiar are the signs of addition , subtractions , multiplication and equality.

  (A) to which     (B) which     (C) with which    (D) in which

  10     He had no sooner finished his speech ________ he withdrew.

  (A) then          (B) than        (C) as        (D)when

  11     I telephoned the station to make ____________of the time of the train.

  (A) true          (B) right        (C) real       (D) sure

  12     It must have been _________ who gave the signal.

  (A) them         (B) they         (C) theirs       (D)these

  13     It looked __________ the horse really could think and count.

  (A) just as        (B) as if         (C) like         (D) as

  14     The students are ____________ the mid-term test which will soon be held.

  (A) preparing      (B) preparing on    (C) preparing for   (D) preparing in

  15     She is on a diet in order to lose __________.

  (A) meat          (B) fat            (C) weight      (D)body

  16     Everyone else was killed in the accident, I was the only one to ______________.

  (A) relieve      (B) alive        (C) release       (D) survive

  17     His theory is not very difficult, but  ________people understand it.

  (A) a few        (B) few        (C) a little      (D) little

  18     We shall have an opportunity to exchange ________tomorrow.

  (A) sights       (B) views       (C) meanings     (D) minds

  19     Every means _______but without much result.

  (A) have been tried     (B) has been tried     (C) have tried    (D) has tried

  20     _________the plan carefully, he rejected it .

  (A) To have considered    (B) To consider   (C) Having considered   (D) Considering

  二  挑出下列句子中的错误(10分)

  请将答题卡上相应的字母涂黑,做在本试题册上无效。

  21 In my spare time, I used to (A) enjoy playing (B) the piano or go out (C) for a walk alone (D).

  22 They’ve never been to (A) London, but (B) that’s the city I’d (C) most like to visit it (D).

  23 The Eskimos have to (A) live in cold and darkness most of the year, which (B) causes them develop (C) a lively sense (D) of humor and a friendly attitude.

  24 He was such (A) tired of (B) hearing them arguing about (C) the silly subject so he left (D) the room.

  25 What (A) should we do about (B) the larger forces (C) what (D) are affecting our culture?

  26 The exhausting (A) mountain climbers found themselves (B) too weak to return (C) to the nearest (D) camp.

  27 Because (A) Walter Reed’s efforts and those (B) of the people who worked with him, human beings no longer (C) fear the disease (D) of Yellow Fever.

  28 She had so much (A) difficulty adapt to (B) any kind of situations (C) that she had not known (D).

  29 So surely (A) was his behavior towards (B) the old man that (C)everybody demanded an apology (D).

  30 When Tom’s pen ran (A)out of ink, I lent (B) him mines (C), so he could finish writing (D) his homework..

  三  阅读理解(40分)

  请选择文章后所给问题的正确答案,并将答题卡上相应的字母涂黑,做在本试题册上无效。

  Passage 1

  My formula for staying young is simple: concentrate on the part of you that’s young and growing-your brain. Keep your mind awake and you’ll stay young all over. These are exciting times. Take an interest in the world around you, and make a point of learning at least one new thing every day.

  Regardless of your age, it’s not too late to make your life more interesting. I know a housewife with no previous knowledge who made herself into an outstanding industrial designer; I know a retired electrical engineer who has become a highly paid ceramic artist.

  Get over the motion that you are too old to go to back to school. I know a man who entered medical college at 70. He got his degree with honors and became an eminent physician. Another man went to law school at 71 and is now an active lawyer.

  In spite of years, staying young is easy for those who live in the future. You can do it if you care enough to try. Keep your mind awake and active; that’s the only youth elixir guaranteed to work .

  31. The statement that our brain remains young and growing regardless of age is _______

  A. an impossibility            B. a scientific fact

  C a supposition               D a ridiculous conclusion

  32. It is wrong to _______

  A think oneself too old to go back to school   B keep one’s mind awake

  C try to stay young             D. get one’s degree with honors

  33. The passage states that a man who entered college at 70 became_______

  A. an active lawyer             B. an electric engineer

  C. a distinguished doctor         D. a highly paid ceramic artist

  34. The only youth elixir is to ______

  A go back to school             B forget one’s own age

  C keep in touch with young people D. keep one’s mind awake and active

  35. All of the following statements are true EXCEPT that _____

  A. human brain never gets old with age

  B. every person should take up a new occupation when he becomes old

  C. staying young is not difficult if one is willing to try

  D. there is always something to learn if you have an interest in what’s going on around you

  Passage2

  If we were asked exactly what we were doing a year ago. We should probably have to say that we could not remember. But if we had kept a book and had written in it an account of what we did each day. We should be able to give an answer to the question.

  It is the same in history. Many things have been forgotten because we do not have any written account of them. Sometimes men did keep a record of the most important happenings in their country, but often it was destroyed by fire or in a war. Sometimes there was never any written record at all because the people of that time and place did not know how to write. For example, we know a good deal about the people who lived in China 4,000years ago, because they could write and leave written records for those who lived after them. But we know almost nothing about the people who lived even 200 years ago in central Africa, because they had not learned to write.

  Sometimes , of course, even if the people cannot write, they may know something of the past. They have heard about it from older people, and often songs and dances and stories have been made about the most important happenings, and these have been sung and acted and told for many generations. For most people are proud to tell what their fathers did in the past. This we may call “remembered history.” Some of it has now been written down. It is not so exact or so valuable to us as written history is. Because words are much more easily changed when used again and again in speech than when copied in writing. But where there are no written records, such spoken stories are often very helpful.

  36. Which of the following ideas is not conveyed in the passage?

  A. “Remembered story”, compared with written history, is less reliable.

  B. Written records of the past plays a most important role in our learning of the human history.

  C. A written account of our daily activities helps us to answer some questions

  D. Where there are no written records, there is no history.

  37. We know very little about the central Africa 200 years ago because _______

  A. there wad nothing worth being written down at that time.

  B. the people there ignored the importance of keeping a record.

  C. the written records were perhaps destroyed by a fire

  D. the people there had not known how to write

  38. “remembered history” refers to ______

  A. history based on a person’s imagination

  B. stories of important happenings passed down from mouth to mouth

  C songs and dances about the most important events.

  D. both B and C

  39. “remembered history” is regarded as valuable only when ______

  A. it is written down

  B. no written account is available

  C. it proves to be true.

  D. people are interested in it

  40. It can be inferred from the passage that we could have learned much more about our past than we do now if our ancestors had ____

  A. kept a written record of every past event

  B. not burnt their written records in wars

  C. told exact stories of the most important happenings

  D. made more songs and dances

  Passage3

  For years, international swimming has been controlled by a small number of powerful nations. The U.S, Russia, Germany and Australia have produced some of the sport’s finest players and have won most of the top competitions and medals. But the results of this month’s world championships, which are being held in the Australian city of Perth, will not be so easy to predict. Since the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, many new names and nationalities have emerged to take on the world leaders.

  The 1996 Olympics should have been an opportunity for the U.S to display its great swimming power, but instead it faced some embarrassing defeats. The surprises started on the first day of the competitions, when Fred of Belgium set a world record in the competition for 100-metres breast-stroke(蛙泳). Never before had Belgium produced an Olympic champion swimmer. Two other countries also won swimming gold medals for the first time on the opening day. Ireland’s Michelle Smith delighted her country with the first of her three gold medals. New Zealand also celebrated with Danyon Loader’s gold in the men’s 200-metres free style. Loader went on to win the 400 meters later in the competition.

  But late on the second day, the U.S team’s officials and coaches were starting to be surprised. Penny Heyns of South Africa had broken the women’s 100-metre breast-stroke record in the morning competitions before claiming gold in the final.

  41. It is hard to predict the results of this month’s championships because ________

  A. players from different countries have emerged as new champions

  B. many names of the players haven’t been heard

  C. a few countries have won international swimming competitions

  D. the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta was a success

  42.What the U.S had to face at the 1996 Olympics was ______

  A. new swimming power

  B. a big success

  C. several unpleasant failures

  D. a great deal of embarrassment

  43. The player of Belgium broke a world record in 100-metre breast-stroke which ______

  A. it had won before

  B. it had not gained before

  C. it had won many times

  D. the U.S. had never won before

  44. How many medals have the other countries won on the opening day?

  A. Three    B. Four     C. Five     D. Six

  45. It can be inferred from the passage that ______

  A. the U.S. is still the only powerful country in swimming

  B. the U.S. has been a great swimming power

  C. Ireland once controlled international swimming.

  D. Belgium had won several world swimming championships

  Passage4

  When the steam engine was invented in the eighteenth century, it began one of the greatest revolutions that have ever happened in our world. The invention of the petrol engine at the end of the nineteenth century led to another enormous change in our lives. And the computer is almost certainly going to be an invention no less important than these engines were.

  Just as there was a Stone Age. An Iron Age and so on, we have been living for centuries in a Paper Age, during which almost all information was kept and sent on paper, and so much of it is wasted after it has been used once that enormous numbers of trees have to be cut down every year to provide us with this paper. But now, with the computer, enormous amounts of information can be stored and sent without any paper at all, using small discs or the Internet.

  Computers have made it possible to do very difficult calculations very much faster than any earlier machine could. Computers also allow one to send information to others anywhere in the world, via the telephone line, and to receive information from them. One can send a very long message more quickly from England to Australia, for example, than from one’s house to someone in the garden. Computers are not only used for writing; they can produce diagrams and pictures, and they can be used for playing games. One now sees them at airports and railway stations, in hotels and restaurants, in fact, almost everywhere where people gather.

  46. The author seems to say that the invention of the computer is ___

  A. not so important as that of the steam and petrol engines

  B. at least as important as that of the steam and petrol engines

  C. less important than that of the steam and petrol engines

  D. far more important than that of the steam and petrol engines

  47. According to the author the disadvantage of using paper to keep and send information is tha_______

  A. it is hard to get enough paper

  B. it wastes our time

  C. it damages the environment

  D. there is too much paper around

  48. We may infer that the fastest way for computer to send messages is by using _____

  A. paper   B. discs  C. the telephone line    D. air mail

  49. Which of the following functions of the computer is not mentioned in the passage?

  A. Handling information

  B. Doing office and business work

  C. Offering entertainment

  D. Making phone calls

  50. The title that best express the main idea of the passage is _____

  A. Computer Age

  B. Paper Age and Computer Age

  C. Computer and Our Past

  D. Computer and Our Future

  四、完型填空(10%)

  请将答题卡上相应的字母涂黑,做在本试题册上无效。

  We arrived in Spain (51) the first time a few weeks ago, and I decided to buy a car because we had sold (52) we had in England before leaving. Yesterday the sales office rang us (53) the car was ready. I had tried out a model (54) it before but as I was not yet used (55) in this city, my wife did not want me to collect it on my own, (56) we went together to fetch it. We (57) and signed the papers. They told us that there was enough petrol to take us to a garage, (58) we could fill up. The nearest garage to the office was (59) and we got there safely. But when I (60) into the main road I suddenly saw a lot of cars racing (61) me. I got out of their way (62) as I could by backing into the garage once more, and the man behind me (63) at me. “It’s so much a problem to remember to drive on the right, isn’t it?” my wife said. “Yes, if only I (64) a few lessons for (65).” I replied. “You (66) carefully on the way home “my wife said “You’d be sorry if you had an accident (67) the first day, (68).” While we were talking, the man behind got out of his car and said in good English, “Would you (69) me when you are thinking of leaving? Or are you going to sit in you car (70) day?”

  51  A) for    B) on   C) at    D) to

  52  A) that    B) which   C) the one     D) the other

  53  A) for saying    B) say    C) and saying     D) and said

  54  A) as    B) the same that   C) like     D) such as

  55  A) for driving      B) to driving     C) in driving     D) to drive

  56  A) such    B) as     C) so      D) so as

  57  A) paid the car for     B) paid the car  C) paid to the car D) paid for the car

  58  A) where    B) there    C) which     D) at that

  59  A) at 100 yards away   B) about 100 yards away

  C) at 100 yards far   D) about 100 yards far

  60  A) turned   B) circled   C) altered    D) involved

  61  A) for      B) on      C) over      D) towards

  62  A) so fast     B) such fast      C) as fast      D) fast

  63  A) annoyed    B) astonished     C) shouted    D) responded

  64  A) would have    B) had had     C) should have    D) have had

  65  A) practice     B) trial     C) exercise     D) experiment

  66  A) would better to go      B) would better go

  C) had better to go      D) had better go

  67  A) in    B) at   C) on     D) by

  68  A) won’t you   B) wouldn’t you    C) hadn’t you    D) shouldn’t you

  69  A) mind to tell    B) mind as to tell  C) mind telling   D) mind that tell

  70  A) each    B) every    C) all the    D) all

  五  用括号内的词的适当形式填空  请注意必要时需改变词性(10分)

  请将答题卡上相应的字母涂黑,做在本试题册上无效。

  71. (see)__________ the film twice, I didn’t want to go to the movies.

  72. We (go) _______ out if the weather hadn’t been so bad.

  73. If(ask) ______ what is the most valuable, he would say experience.

  74. A snake in the grass is (particular) ________ dangerous because it is difficult to discover.

  75. In the eyes of the English people, the color white (stand)________ for purity.

  76. Your watch is out of order, but I don’t think it is worth(repair) _______.

  77. It’s necessary for me to suggest that she (not do) _______ such a thing.

  78. Officials should remain aware that China’s (agriculture) ______ efficiency remains low.

  79. If there were no gravity, there(be) _______ no air around the earth.

  80. I felt rather (excite) _______ at being the object of such attention.

  六 英译汉(10分)

  请将答案写到答题纸上,做在本试题册上无效。

  81       Please let us know if you fail to receive the goods within 5 days.

  82       A job interview helps you decide if the job meets your career needs and interests.

  83       Television satellites enable people to see programs live from thousands of miles away.

  84       To lead healthy lives, we must seek balance with nature, with society and within ourselves.

  85       If you would like to me , I can be available for an interview at any time convenient to you.

  七 汉译英(10分)请将答案写到答题纸上,做在本试题册上无效。

  86       他花了好几个星期的时间才适应了大学生活。(adapt to)

  87       护士们通常毕生致力于照顾病人。(devote……to )

  88       我们很快就彼此了解,成了朋友.。(give it to know)

  89       现在人们越来越多地依靠计算机来解决各种各样的问题。(depend on)

  90       对于英语学习者来说,练习听力和口语是很必要的。(it is necessary)单纯的课本内容,并不能满足学生的需要,通过补充,达到内容的完善

  教育之通病是教用脑的人不用手,不教用手的人用脑,所以一无所能。教育革命的对策是手脑联盟,结果是手与脑的力量都可以大到不可思议。